Irland gegen Nordirland – Unterschied und Vergleich

Die Insel Irland ist in zwei separate Gerichtsbarkeiten unterteilt: die Republik Irland und Nordirland . Die Republik Irland, die den südlichen Teil des Landes ausmacht, ist vom Vereinigten Königreich unabhängig, während Nordirland Teil des Vereinigten Königreichs ist.

Northern Ireland is the older of the two, having been formed in 1921 from the six counties in the northern Province of Ulster which wished to retain its political unity with Great Britain . It is therefore a constituent country within the United Kingdom alongside England , Scotland, and Wales. Whilst the UK capital is London, the regional capital is Belfast. The Head of State is the British Monarch, although executive authority is vested in the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom. There is also a devolved administration headed by the joint office of the First and Deputy First Ministers. There are approximately 2 million people living in Northern Ireland.

The Republic of Ireland was created in 1948 when the Irish Free State (also known as Southern Ireland) became fully independent and severed all political ties with the United Kingdom. The capital city of the Republic of Ireland is Dublin. The Head of State is the President of Ireland, and executive authority is vested in the Prime Minister (Taoiseach) of Ireland. There are approximately 4.5 million people living in the Republic.

Comparison chart

Ireland versus Northern Ireland comparison chart
Ireland Northern Ireland
Introduction (from Wikipedia) Ireland (Irish: Éire; Ulster Scots: Airlann) is the third largest island in Europe and the twentieth largest island in the world. It lies to the northwest of Continental Europe and is surrounded by hundreds of islands and islets. Northern Ireland (Ulster Scots: Norlin Airlann or Norlin Airlan) is a part of the United Kingdom in the northeast of the island of Ireland. It is variously described as a country, province, or region of the UK.
Government Unitary parliamentary republic Consociational devolved government within a constitutional monarchy
Currency Euro Pound sterling (GBP)
Demonym Irish Northern Irish, Irish, British
Time zone Greenwich Mean Time (UTC⁠) GMT (UTC+0)
Internet TLD .ie .uk, .ie, .eu
Calling code +353 +44
Drives on the Left left
Languages English, Gaelic English, Irish, Ulster Scots
Flag The Irish tricolour Union Flag